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    Patchliner & SyncroPatch 384PE (CiPA ion channel working group); CardioExcyte 96 (CiPA myocyte working group)

  • CiPA hERG Protocol

    This protocol was used for hERG studies on the Patchliner and SyncroPatch 384PE.

  • HTS CiPA hERG Assay

    Effects of Cisapride using the CiPA hERG protocol on the SyncroPatch 384PE

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    Arrhythmic Field potentials in iPSC-derived Cardiomyocytes (CardioExcyte 96) and hERG current inhibition (SyncroPatch 384PE)

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    CiPA-specified cardiac ion channels recorded at high throughput

  • Gigaseal HTS patch clamp

    High throughput recordings of cardiac ion channels at physiological temperature

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    CardioExcyte 96 with integrated liquid handling for cardiac safety screening

2017 - L-Type Calcium Channel Inhibition Contributes to the Proarrhythmic Effects of Aconitine in Human Cardiomyocytes

icon pl  Patchliner publication in PLoS ONE (2017)

Authors: 
Wu J., Wang X., Chung Y.Y. Koh C.H. Liu Z., Guo H., Yuan Q., Wang C., Su S., Wei H.

Journal: 
PLoS ONE (2017) 12(1):e0168435


Abstract: 

Aconitine (ACO) is well-known for causing lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmias. While cardiac Na+ channel opening during repolarization has long been documented in animal cardiac myocytes, the cellular effects and mechanism of ACO in human remain unexplored. This study aimed to assess the proarrhythmic effects of ACO in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs). ACO concentration-dependently (0.3 ~ 3.0 μM) shortened the action potentials (AP) durations (APD) in ventricular-like hiPSC-CMs by > 40% and induced delayed after-depolarization. Laser-scanning confocal calcium imaging analysis showed that ACO decreased the duration and amplitude of [Ca2+]i transients and increased in the beating frequencies by over 60%. Moreover, ACO was found to markedly reduce the L-type calcium channel (LTCC) currents (ICa,L) in hiPSC-CMs associated with a positive-shift of activation and a negative shift of inactivation. ACO failed to alter the peak and late Na+ currents (INa) in hiPSC-CMs while it drastically increased the late INa in Guinea-pig ventricular myocytes associated with enhanced activation/delayed inactivation of INa at -55 mV~ -85 mV. Further, the effects of ACO on ICa,L, INa and the rapid delayed rectifier potassium current (Ikr) were validated in heterologous expression systems by automated voltage-clamping assays and a moderate suppression of Ikr was observed in addition to concentration-dependent ICa,L inhibition. Lastly, increased beating frequency, decreased Ca2+ wave and shortened field potential duration were recorded from hiPSC-CMs by microelectrode arrays assay. In summary, our data demonstrated that LTCC inhibition could play a main role in the proarrhythmic action of ACO in human cardiomyocytes.


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