• Our CiPA Instruments

    HESI FDA BAA study: "Assessing variability and reproducibility of manual and automated patch clamp platforms"

  • CiPA hERG Protocol

    This protocol was used for hERG studies on the Patchliner and SyncroPatch 384PE.

  • HTS CiPA hERG Assay

    Effects of Cisapride using the CiPA hERG protocol on the SyncroPatch 384PE

  • Myocyte & Ion Channel Effects

    Arrhythmic Field potentials in iPSC-derived Cardiomyocytes (CardioExcyte 96) and hERG current inhibition (SyncroPatch 384PE)

  • Gigaseal HTS patch clamp

    CiPA-specified cardiac ion channels recorded at high throughput

  • Gigaseal HTS patch clamp

    High throughput recordings of cardiac ion channels at physiological temperature

  • CardioExcyte 96 screening tool

    CardioExcyte 96 with integrated liquid handling for cardiac safety screening

NaV1.5 - "NaV1.5-ΔKPQ late INa current properties and pharmacology on the SyncroPatch 384i"

icon sp96   SyncroPatch 384i (a predecessor model of the SyncroPatch 384) application note   logo pdf (1.5 MB)
Cells were kindly provided by Metrion Biosciences.


The cardiac late Na current (late INa) generates persistent currents throughout the plateau phase of the cardiac action potential. Several mutations in the SCN5A gene cause a form of hereditary long QT syndrome (LQT3)1-3. The ΔKPQ mutation deletes residues Lys 1505, Pro 1506 and Gln 1507, resulting in a sustained, non-inactivating current during long (over 50 ms) depolarizations1,2. This sustained current causes prolongation of the action potential which can result in fatal ventricular arrhythmias such as Torsade de Pointes (TdP)1.

One aim of the Comprehensive In Vitro Pro-arrhythmia Assay (CiPA) initiative is to improve drug safety testing in pre-clinical development by evaluating the pro-arrhythmic risk of a compound4,5. Validation studies confirm that testing the effect of compounds on an increased number of human cardiac ion channel currents including INa (NaV1.5 peak and late current) as well as IKr (hERG) leads to improved prediction of their clinical risk. Late INa can be recorded in WT NaV1.5 channels using the toxin ATX-II or veratridine, or using a cell line with LQT3 mutations in NaV1.5 without the need for pharmacological enhancement. The latter might also reduce the risk of cross-reactions between late-current enhancers and test compounds.

Here we present data collected on the Syncro- Patch 384i showing the peak and late INa current re¬corded from WT and NaV1.5-ΔKPQ cell lines. Peak current could be reliably recorded from both cell types. In WT cells, late INa was negligible in the absence of ATX-II, whereas the late INa from NaV1.5-ΔKPQ cells could be reliably recorded. Peak current from WT, and peak and late INa from NaV1.5-ΔKPQ was inhibited by ranolazine and mexiletine and IC50 values agreed well with the literature6.

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