AChRa7 | nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 7
The family has been devided into nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (ionotropic channels) and muscarinic acetymcholine receptors (metabotropic G-protein coupled receptors). Both subgroups are sensitive to acetylcholine.
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: As typical cys-loop receptors, acetylcholine receptor subunits contain four transmembrane spanning domains TM1-TM4. Five subunits form a pore, homomeric and heteromeric combinations are possible.17 vertebrate subunits have been identified: α genes: CHRNA1 - CHRNA10; β genes: CHRNB1 . CHRNB4, as well as CHRND (delta), CHRNE (epsilon), CHRNG (gamma)
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors: 5 receptors have been described (M1 - M5), encoded by the 5 genes CHRM1 - CHRM5. These proteins contain seven transmembrane regions and do not form homo or heteromers.
AChRα7: Background Information
Brain, retina, spinal cord, peripheral neuronal tissues, including neurons of mammalian sympathetic ganglia, parasympathetic ganglia, sensory neurons such as the trigeminal ganglia and adrenal chromaffin cells
Mediates effects of acetylcholine and nicotine in specific regions of the brain, retina and spinal cord
Schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's, Tourette's Syndrome, depression
Antagonists: DHβE, mecamylamine, α-bungarotoxin, α-conotoxin ImI, methyllycaconitine, α-conotoxin ArIB; Positive allosteric modulators: A-867744, LY2087101, NS1738, JNJ1930942, PNU-120596
Patch Clamp: whole cell, room temperature, physiological temperature
Stably-transfected GH4C1 cell line
Physiol Rev 89: 73–120, 2009; doi:10.1152/physrev.00015.2008, Albuquergue et al; Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, in: Burger’s Medicinal Chemistry, Vol II Drug Discovery and Drug Development, Chapter 11, pp 357-405. Ed. Abraham, D., J. Wiley, New York., Colquhoun et al.
Data and Applications