16.12.2020 - A deep-dive into ASIC3
ASIC3 - Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 3
Acid-sensing ion channels, member of the ENaC/Degenerin superfamily
Members and topology:
The channels are encoded by five genes: ASIC1 - ASIC5. ASIC1a, ASIC1b, ASIC2a, ASIC2b are splice variants. Each subunit has 2 transmembrane domains flanking a large extracellular loop with short intracellular N and C termini. Three of these protein subunits assemble to form the ASIC ion channel, which can combine into both homotrimeric and heterotrimeric channels.
Regulation and function:
Neuronal voltage-insensitive cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. ASICs are Na+ permeable with ASIC1a showing low Ca2+ permeability. The role of the ASIC is to sense reduced levels of extracellular pH and result in a response or signal from the neuron.