16.08.2022: Publication Alert - Electrogenic reaction step and phospholipid translocation pathway of the mammalian P4-ATPase ATP8A2
In this study, an electrophysiological method based on solid supported membranes (SSM) was employed to investigate the electrogenicity of specific partial reaction steps of the mammalian P4-ATPase ATP8A2 and the phospholipid translocation pathway. ATP8A2 is highly expressed in the retina, brain, testis and spinal cord and primarily translocates the negatively charged lipid substrate phosphatidylserine (PS).
ATP8A2 is a mammalian P4-ATPase (flippase) that translocates the negatively charged lipid substrate phosphatidylserine from the exoplasmic leaflet to the cytoplasmic leaflet of cellular membranes. Using an electrophysiological method based on solid supported membranes, we investigated the electrogenicity of specific reaction steps of ATP8A2 and explored a potential phospholipid translocation pathway involving residues with positively charged side chains. Changes to the current signals caused by mutations show that the main electrogenic event occurs in connection with the release of the bound phosphatidylserine to the cytoplasmic leaflet and support the hypothesis that the phospholipid interacts with specific lysine and arginine residues near the cytoplasmic border of the lipid bilayer during the translocation and reorientation required for insertion into the cytoplasmic leaflet.