• Orbit mini

    Simultaneous recording from four lipid bilayers

2021 - Pathological conformations of disease mutant Ryanodine Receptors revealed by cryo-EM

 Icon Orbit Mini  Orbit mini publication in Nature Communications (2021)

Authors:
Woll K.A., Haji-Ghassemi O., Van Petegem F.

Journal:

Nature Communications (2021) doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-21141-3


Abstract: 

Ryanodine Receptors (RyRs) are massive channels that release Ca2+ from the endoplasmic and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Hundreds of mutations are linked to malignant hyperthermia (MH), myopathies, and arrhythmias. Here, we explore the first MH mutation identified in humans by providing cryo-EM snapshots of the pig homolog, R615C, showing that it affects an interface between three solenoid regions. We also show the impact of apo-calmodulin (apoCaM) and how it can induce opening by bending of the bridging solenoid, mediated by its N-terminal lobe. For R615C RyR1, apoCaM binding abolishes a pathological ‘intermediate’ conformation, distributing the population to a mixture of open and closed channels, both different from the structure without apoCaM. Comparisons show that the mutation primarily affects the closed state, inducing partial movements linked to channel activation. This shows that disease mutations can cause distinct pathological conformations of the RyR and facilitate channel opening by disrupting interactions between different solenoid regions.


Download here

Back to Overview

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.