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2019 - A Kinetic Map of the Homomeric Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel (Kv) Family

 icon pl   Patchliner publication in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience (2019)

Authors:
Ranjan R., Logette E., Marani M., Herzog M., Tâche V., Scantamburlo E., Buchillier V., Markram H.

Journal:
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience (2019) doi: 10.3389/fncel.2019.00358


Abstract:
The voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels, encoded by 40 genes, repolarize all electrically excitable cells, including plant, cardiac, and neuronal cells. Although these genes were fully sequenced decades ago, a comprehensive kinetic characterization of all Kv channels is still missing, especially near physiological temperature. Here, we present a standardized kinetic map of the 40 homomeric Kv channels systematically characterized at 15, 25, and 35°C. Importantly, the Kv kinetics at 35°C differ significantly from commonly reported kinetics, usually performed at room temperature. We observed voltage-dependent Q10 for all active Kv channels and inherent heterogeneity in kinetics for some of them. Kinetic properties are consistent across different host cell lines and conserved across mouse, rat, and human. All electrophysiology data from all Kv channels are made available through a public website (Channelpedia). This dataset provides a solid foundation for exploring kinetics of heteromeric channels, roles of auxiliary subunits, kinetic modulation, and for building accurate Kv models.

Highlights:

  • A reference map of kinetics of all 40 homomeric Kv channels at 15, 25, and 35°C.
  • Kv kinetics are consistent across cell lines and conserved across species.
  • Some Kv channels exhibit inherent heterogeneity in kinetics.
  • A public resource of over a million current traces from Kv channel kinetics.

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