2004 - Time-resolved charge translocation by sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase measured on a solid supported membrane
SURFE²R-technology (custom-built system) publication in Biophysical Journal (2004)
Tadini Buoninsegni F., Bartolommei G., Moncelli M.R., Inesi G., Guidelli R.
Biophysical Journal (2004) 86(6):3671-3686
Sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were adsorbed on an octadecanethiol/phosphatidylcholine mixed bilayer anchored to a gold electrode, and the Ca-ATPase contained in the vesicles was activated by ATP concentration jumps both in the absence and in the presence of K(+) ions and at different pH values. Ca2+ concentration jumps in the absence of ATP were also carried out. The resulting capacitive current transients were analyzed together with the charge under the transients. The relaxation time constants of the current transients were interpreted on the basis of an equivalent circuit. The current transient after ATP concentration jumps and the charge after Ca2+ concentration jumps in the absence of ATP exhibit almost the same dependence upon the Ca2+ concentration, with a half-saturating value of approximately 1.5 µM. The pH dependence of the charge after Ca2+ translocation demonstrates the occurrence of one H+ per one Ca2+ countertransport at pH 7 by direct charge-transfer measurements. The presence of K+ decreases the magnitude of the current transients without altering their shape; this decrease is explained by K+ binding to the cytoplasmic side of the pump in the E1 conformation and being released to the same side during the E1-E2 transition.