• SURFE²R N1

    Easy-to-learn all-in-one device, ideal for teaching and university research
  • SURFE²R N1

    Finally label-free functional assays for transporters available
  • SURFE²R N1

    High signal amplification compared to patch-clamp: transport & binding assays
  • SURFE²R N1

    The only instrument on the market for SSM-based electrophysiology
  • SURFE²R N1

    Turn-key system for efficient transporter protein analysis

ChR2 - Symmetry of transport

ChR2   Symmetry of transport Figure3Icon N1   SURFE2R N1 data and applications:

Depending on the direction of the Na+ gradient, we observed positive or negative transient currents after ChR2 activation by light. A negative control without ChR2 shows no current signal upon light activation.

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ChR2   Symmetry of transport Figure3

Background and Assay Description: 

We have compared the current signals from three different sensors. The light blue trace was recorded from membrane vesicles which have been pre-loaded with Na+-free solution before sensor preparation. Before ChR2 activation by a 470 nm light pulse, we established an inward directed Na+ gradient by rinsing the sensor with a Na+ containing solution. Inward transport of sodium leads to a positive current signal.

The red trace was recorded from membrane vesicles which have been pre-loaded with Na+-containing solution before sensor preparation. Before ChR2 activation by a 470 nm light pulse, we established an outward directed Na+ gradient by rinsing the sensor with sodium free solution. Outward transport of sodium leads to a negative current signal.

In addition, we have used membranes from cells lacking ChR2 expression. Here, the same workflows yield no current signals.

Author: Nanion Technologies and Axxam S.p.a.
Target: T159C ChR2
Family / Type: Ion-translocating Microbial Rhodopsin Family (MRF, TCDB: 3.E.1)
Mode of transport: Light-gated Na+ flux
Organism: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Sample: Purified membrane vesicles from plasma membrane
Expression: Recombinant expression in HEK293 cells
Platform: Icon N1  SURFE²R N1

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