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2019 - In vitro and in vivo characterization of a synthetic scorpion toxin AmmTx3, a potent inhibitor of cardiac voltage-gated potassium channel Kv4.2

icon sp96   SyncroPatch 384PE (a predecessor model of the SyncroPatch 384i) publication in Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements (2019)

Authors:
Nicolas S., Zoukimian C.,Meuda H., De Waard S., Ait Ouares K., Canepari M., Beroud R., Landon C., De Waard M., Boturyn D.

Journal:
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements (2019) 11(2):259-260


Background:

Voltage-gated potassium channel Kv4.2 (encoded by KCND2 gene) contributes to the cardiac transient outward potassium current (Ito1). This current is the main contributor to the repolarisation phase 1 of the cardiac action potential. The toxin AmmTx3, identified from the venom of the scorpion Androctonus mauretanicus, is a blocker of Kv4.x channels, and have interesting therapeutic potential for neurological disorders due to its effect in cerebellar granule neurons. Its effects on cardiac Kv4.2 channels remains unclear.

Conclusion:

AmmTx3 toxin can be chemically synthesized and used as a Kv4.2 channel inhibitor to contributed to the better understanding of the exact role of Ito1 in cardiac electrophysiology. Those first results seem to be a promising evidence that AmmTx3 could a potential inhibitor of Ito current in early repolarisation syndrome.


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