2020 - Mechanism of hERG inhibition by gating-modifier toxin, APETx1, deduced by functional characterization
SyncroPatch 384PE (a predecessor model of the SyncroPatch 384i instrument) pre-publication in bioRxiv (2020)
Matsumura K., Shimomura T., Kubo Y., Oka T., Kobayashi N., Imai S., Yanase N., Akimoto M., Fukuda M., Yokogawa M., Ikeda K., Kurita J., Nishimura Y., Shimada I., Osawa M.
bioRxiv (2020) doi: 10.1101/2020.07.22.215491
Human ether-à-go-go-related gene potassium channel 1 (hERG) is a voltage-gated potassium channel, the voltage-sensing domain (VSD) of which is targeted by a gating-modifier toxin, APETx1. Although it is known that APETx1 inhibits hERG by stabilizing the resting state, it remains unclear where and how APETx1 interacts with the VSD in the resting state. Here, we prepared a recombinant APETx1, which is structurally and functionally equivalent to the natural product. Electrophysiological analyses using wild type and mutants of APETx1 and hERG revealed that their hydrophobic residues, in addition to a previously reported acidic hERG residue, play key roles in the inhibition of hERG by APETx1. Docking models of the APETx1-VSD complex that satisfy the results of mutational analysis suggest a molecular recognition mode between APETx1 and the resting state of hERG; this would provide a structural basis for designing ligands that control hERG function by binding to the VSD.