TREK-1 - "Activation and inhibition of TREK-1 on Nanion’s SyncroPatch 384PE"
SyncroPatch 384PE application note (6.0 MB)
Cells were kindly provided by SB Drug Discovery.
The TWIK-related K+ channel (TREK-1) is a two pore domain (K2P) K+ channel encoded by the KCNK2 gene. The protein is a homodimer, each subunit comprised of transmembrane (TM) helical regions (M1-M4), two pore domains (P1 & P2), an extracellular region with 2 helices, and intracellular N and C termini. The pore helices and pore loops form the K+ selectivity filter. First discovered in 1996, it plays an important physiological role in background K+ conductance and thus plays a major role in regulating resting membrane potential. TREK-1 widely is expressed throughout the CNS and spinal cord, particularly in the cortex, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, cerebellum and basal ganglia. Additionally, TREK-1 is expressed in high levels in small and medium sized dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. It is also expressed in other regions such as lung, heart, kidney, skeletal muscle and human myometrium where it is up-regulated during pregnancy5 and may play a role in maintaining a negative membrane potential prior to labor. TREK-1 is modulated by a variety of different physical and chemical stimuli including mechanical (stretch), temperature, intracellular acidosis, poly-unsaturated fatty acids and phospoholipids. It has also been shown to be opened by volatile anaesthetics and is likely to be an important target for these agents. TREK-1 has been proposed to play a pivotal role in cerebral ischemia, epilepsy, depression, pain perception and temperature sensing and is an interesting therapeutic target. Human TREK-1 expressed in HEK cells were recorded on the SyncroPatch 384PE with good success rates. hTREK-1 was activated by BL-1249 and blocked by THA.