TMEM16A (ANO1) - "Internal perfusion of Ca2+ to activate TMEM16A/ANO1 on the SyncroPatch 384PE"
SyncroPatch 384PE (a predecessor model of SyncroPatch 384) application note (1.1 MB)
Cells were kindly provided by SB Drug Discovery.
TMEM16A/Anoctamin1 is a Ca2+-activated Cl− channel (CACC) which has a broad functional spectrum in processes including trans-epithelial ion transport, olfaction, photo-transduction, smooth muscle contraction, nociception, cell proliferation and control of neuronal excitability. TMEM16A has been implicated to play a role in a number of health disorders and may be an important therapeutic target in cystic fibrosis, asthma, pain and some human cancers. TMEM16A is activated by elevated cytosolic calcium concentrations. In conventional patch clamp experiments, exchange of the intracellular solution to include calcium in order to initiate channel activity is challenging and typically performed using inside-out patches or by comparing the effect of internal calcium between different cells in the whole cell configuration. Furthermore, current run-down or desensitization are common problems associated with recording this ion channel. Here, we present data from HEK293 cells expressing hTMEM16A in whole cell and perforated patch mode using fluoride-free internal solution on the SyncroPatch 384PE. The data show that intracellular solution can be exchanged in a very robust manner to investigate calcium sensitivity, voltage dependence and pharmacology of the channel.