• Nanion Technologies: イオンチャネル研究のスマートツール

    Nanion Technologies: イオンチャネル研究のスマートツール

  • SyncroPatch 384i: HTS Automated Patch Clamp

    SyncroPatch 384i: HTS Automated Patch Clamp

  • SURFE²R 96SE: ラベルフリーのトランスポーターHTS

    SURFE²R 96SE: ラベルフリーのトランスポーターHTS

  • Dynamic Clamp: Patchliner

    Dynamic Clamp: Patchliner

  • 脂質二分子膜実験: Orbitシリーズ

    脂質二分子膜実験: Orbitシリーズ

  • CardioExcyte 96 SOL: 心筋の光ペーシング

    CardioExcyte 96 SOL: 心筋の光ペーシング

Our Product Portfolio

SyncroPatch 384i

SyncroPatch 384i

Patchliner

Patchliner

Port-a-Patch

Port-a-Patch

Port-a-Patch mini

Port-a-Patch mini

CardioExcyte 96

CardioExcyte 96

FLEXcyte 96

FLEXcyte 96

SURFE²R 96SE

SURFE²R 96SE

SURFE²R N1

SURFE²R N1

Orbit 16

Orbit 16

Orbit Mini

Orbit Mini

Vesicle Prep Pro

Vesicle Prep Pro

2021 - Is the Membrane Lipid Matrix a Key Target for Action of Pharmacologically Active Plant Saponins?

icon vpp  Vesicle Prep Pro Publication in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2021)

Authors:
Efimova S.S., Ostroumova O.S.

Journal:

International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2021) doi: 10.3390/ijms22063167


Abstract: 

This study was focused on the molecular mechanisms of action of saponins and related compounds (sapogenins and alkaloids) on model lipid membranes. Steroids and triterpenes were tested. A systematic analysis of the effects of these chemicals on the physicochemical properties of the lipid bilayers and on the formation and functionality of the reconstituted ion channels induced by antimicrobial agents was performed. It was found that digitonin, tribulosin, and dioscin substantially reduced the boundary potential of the phosphatidylcholine membranes. We concluded that saponins might affect the membrane boundary potential by restructuring the membrane hydration layer. Moreover, an increase in the conductance and lifetime of gramicidin A channels in the presence of tribulosin was due to an alteration in the membrane dipole potential. Differential scanning microcalorimetry data indicated the key role of the sapogenin core structure (steroid or triterpenic) in affecting lipid melting and disordering. We showed that an alteration in pore forming activity of syringomycin E by dioscin might be due to amendments in the lipid packing. We also found that the ability of saponins to disengage the fluorescent marker calcein from lipid vesicles might be also determined by their ability to induce a positive curvature stress.


Download here.

Back

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.