• Nanion Technologies: イオンチャネル研究のスマートツール

    Nanion Technologies: イオンチャネル研究のスマートツール

  • SyncroPatch 384i: HTS Automated Patch Clamp

    SyncroPatch 384i: HTS Automated Patch Clamp

  • SURFE²R 96SE: ラベルフリーのトランスポーターHTS

    SURFE²R 96SE: ラベルフリーのトランスポーターHTS

  • Dynamic Clamp: Patchliner

    Dynamic Clamp: Patchliner

  • 脂質二分子膜実験: Orbitシリーズ

    脂質二分子膜実験: Orbitシリーズ

  • CardioExcyte 96 SOL: 心筋の光ペーシング

    CardioExcyte 96 SOL: 心筋の光ペーシング

Our Product Portfolio

SyncroPatch 384

SyncroPatch 384

Patchliner

Patchliner

Port-a-Patch

Port-a-Patch

Port-a-Patch mini

Port-a-Patch mini

CardioExcyte 96

CardioExcyte 96

FLEXcyte 96

FLEXcyte 96

SURFE²R 96SE

SURFE²R 96SE

SURFE²R N1

SURFE²R N1

Orbit 16 TC

Orbit 16 TC

Orbit Mini

Orbit Mini

Vesicle Prep Pro

Vesicle Prep Pro

2021 - Cation and anion channelrhodopsins: Sequence motifs and taxonomic distribution

icon sp96  SyncroPatch 384i (a predecessor model of the SyncroPatch 384) Pre-Publication in bioRxiv (2021)

Authors:
Govorunova E.G., Sineshchekov O.A., Li H., Wang Y., Brown L.S., Palmateer A., Melkonian M., Cheng S., Carpenter E., Patterson J., Wong G. K-S., Spudich J.L.

Journal:

bioRxiv (2021) doi:10.1101/2021.03.23.436664


Abstract: 

Cation and anion channelrhodopsins (CCRs and ACRs, respectively) primarily from two algal species, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Guillardia theta, have become widely used as optogenetic tools to control cell membrane potential with light. We mined algal and other protist polynucleotide sequencing projects and metagenomic samples to identify 75 channelrhodopsin homologs from three channelrhodopsin families, including one revealed in dinoflagellates in this study. We carried out electrophysiological analysis of 33 natural channelrhodopsin variants from different phylogenetic lineages and 10 metagenomic homologs in search of sequence determinants of ion selectivity, photocurrent desensitization, and spectral tuning in channelrhodopsins. Our results show that association of a reduced number of glutamates near the conductance path with anion selectivity depends on a wider protein context, because prasinophyte homologs with the identical glutamate pattern as in cryptophyte ACRs are cation-selective. Desensitization is also broadly context-dependent, as in one branch of stramenopile ACRs and their metagenomic homologs its extent roughly correlates with phylogenetic relationship of their sequences. Regarding spectral tuning, two prasinophyte CCRs exhibit red-shifted spectra to 585 nm, although their retinal-binding pockets do not match those of previously known similarly red-shifted channelrhodopsins. In cryptophyte ACRs we identified three specific residue positions in the retinal-binding pocket that define the wavelength of their spectral maxima. Lastly, we found that dinoflagellate rhodopsins with a TCP motif in the third transmembrane helix and a metagenomic homolog exhibit channel activity.


Download here.

Back

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.