• hASIC3

    measured on the
    SyncroPatch 384PE


  • hASIC3

    measured on the Patchliner

  • hASIC3

    block by amiloride
    recorded on the Patchliner

ASIC3 | acid-sensing Ion Channel 3

Family:
Acid-sensing ion channels, member of the ENaC/Degenerin superfamily

Members and topology:
The channels are encoded by five genes: ASIC1 - ASIC5. ASIC1a,  ASIC1b, ASIC2a, ASIC2b are splice variants. Each subunit has 2 transmembrane domains flanking a large extracellular loop with short intracellular N and C termini. Three of these protein subunits assemble to form the ASIC ion channel, which can combine into both homotrimeric and heterotrimeric channels.

Regulation and function:
Neuronal voltage-insensitive cationic channels activated by extracellular protons. ASICs are Na+ permeable with ASIC1a showing low Ca2+ permeability. The role of the ASIC is to sense reduced levels of extracellular pH and result in a response or signal from the neuron.

 

ASIC3: Background information


Overview:

Acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is also known as amiloride-sensitive cation channel 3 (ACCN3) or testis sodium channel 1 (TNaC1). ASIC3 is a cation channel with high affinity for sodium, which is gated by extracellular protons and inhibited by the diuretic amiloride. In sensory neurons, ASIC3 is proposed to mediate the pain induced by acidosis that occurs in ischemic, damaged or inflamed tissue. The channel generates a biphasic current with a fast inactivating and a slow sustained phase.


Data Sheet:

Gene:
ASIC3

Human Protein:
UniProt Q9UHC3

Tissue:
Primarily expressed in central and peripheral neurons including nociceptors where they participate in neuronal sensitivity to acidosis. Also present in taste receptor cells, photoreceptors and retinal cells, testis, lung epithelial cells, urothelial cells, adipose cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, immune cells and bone.

Function/ Application:
Somatic and visceral nociception, inflammatory pain

Pathology:
Ischaemic stroke, implicated in multiple sclerosis, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and spinal cord injury

Accessory subunits:
Homotrimer or heterotrimer with other ASIC proteins (ASIC2, ASIC4).

Interaction:
STOM (Erythrocyte band 7 integral membrane protein) regulates channel activity. DLG4 (Disks large homolog 4) may reduce the amplitude of ASIC3 acid-evoked currents by retaining the channel intracellularly. LIN7B (Protein lin-7 homolog B) may increase the amplitude of ASIC3 acid-evoked currents by stabilizing the channel at the cell surface. MAGI1 (Membrane-associated guanylate kinase, WW and PDZ domain-containing protein 1) may regulate acid-induced ASIC3 currents by modulating its expression at the cell surface. Interacts furthermore with GOPC (Golgi-associated PDZ and coiled-coil motif-containing protein) which may regulate currents by modulating cell surface expression.

Modulator:
Inhibitors: Amiloride, nafamostat mesilate, A-317567, APETx2, aspirin. Potentiators: FMRFa, MitTx

Assays:
Patch Clamp: whole cell, room temperature, pH activation

Reviews and Links

Application Notes

ASIC3 - "Activation and Inhibition of human ASIC3 Channels on Nanion’s SyncroPatch 384PE"

icon sp96   SyncroPatch 384PE (a predecessor model of SyncroPatch 384i) application note:   logo pdf   (2.2 MB)
Cells were kindly provided by Millipore.  

ASIC3 - "Characterization of hASIC3 (HEK) on Nanion´s Patchliner"

icon pl   Patchliner application note:   logo pdf   (0.6 MB)
Cells were kindly provided by Millipore.

 

 

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.