• Nanion技术: 离子通道研究的智能工具

    Nanion技术: 离子通道研究的智能工具

  • SyncroPatch 384i: HTS Automated Patch Clamp

    SyncroPatch 384i: HTS Automated Patch Clamp

  • SURFE²R 96SE: 非标记高通量转运体筛选

    SURFE²R 96SE: 非标记高通量转运体筛选

  • Dynamic Clamp: Patchliner

    Dynamic Clamp: Patchliner

  • 脂双层记录: Orbit产品系列

    脂双层记录: Orbit产品系列

  • CardioExcyte 96 SOL:用光遗传的手段起搏心肌细胞

    CardioExcyte 96 SOL:用光遗传的手段起搏心肌细胞

我们的产品目录

SyncroPatch 384i

SyncroPatch 384i

Patchliner

Patchliner

Port-a-Patch

Port-a-Patch

Port-a-Patch mini

Port-a-Patch mini

CardioExcyte 96

CardioExcyte 96

FLEXcyte 96

FLEXcyte 96

SURFE²R 96SE

SURFE²R 96SE

SURFE²R N1

SURFE²R N1

Orbit 16

Orbit 16

Orbit Mini

Orbit Mini

Vesicle Prep Pro

Vesicle Prep Pro

2018 - Dynamics and number of trans-SNARE complexes determine nascent fusion pore properties

Icon Orbit Mini   Orbit mini publication in Nature (2018)

Authors:
Bao H., Das D., Courtney N.A., Jiang Y., Briguglio J.S., Lou X., Roston D., Cui Q., Chanda B., Chapman E.R.

Journal:
Nature (2018) 554:260-263


Abstract:

The fusion pore is the first crucial intermediate formed during exocytosis, yet little is known about the mechanisms that determine the size and kinetic properties of these transient structures1. Here, we reduced the number of available SNAREs (proteins that mediate vesicle fusion) in neurons and observed changes in transmitter release that are suggestive of alterations in fusion pores. To investigate these changes, we employed reconstituted fusion assays using nanodiscs to trap pores in their initial open state. Optical measurements revealed that increasing the number of SNARE complexes enhanced the rate of release from single pores and enabled the escape of larger cargoes. To determine whether this effect was due to changes in nascent pore size or to changes in stability, we developed an approach that uses nanodiscs and planar lipid bilayer electrophysiology to afford microsecond resolution at the single event level. Both pore size and stability were affected by SNARE copy number. Increasing the number of vesicle (v)-SNAREs per nanodisc from three to five caused a twofold increase in pore size and decreased the rate of pore closure by more than three orders of magnitude. Moreover, pairing of v-SNAREs and target (t)-SNAREs to form trans-SNARE complexes was highly dynamic: flickering nascent pores closed upon addition of a v-SNARE fragment, revealing that the fully assembled, stable SNARE complex does not form at this stage of exocytosis. Finally, a deletion at the base of the SNARE complex, which mimics the action of botulinum neurotoxin A, markedly reduced fusion pore stability. In summary, trans-SNARE complexes are dynamic, and the number of SNAREs recruited to drive fusion determines fundamental properties of individual pores.


Download here

返回总览

Nanion运营博客

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.