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09.10.2020: Review Alert - Molecular Profiling of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cells

Molecular Profiling of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cells and their Application for Drug Safety Study

Abstract

Drug-induced toxicity remains one of the leading causes of discontinuation of the drug candidate and post-marketing withdrawal. Thus, early identification of the drug candidates with the potential for toxicity is crucial in the drug development process. With the recent discovery of human- Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) and the establishment of the differentiation protocol of human iPSC into the cell types of interest, the differentiated cells from human iPSC have garnered much attention because of their potential applicability in toxicity evaluation as well as drug screening, disease modeling and cell therapy. In this review, we expanded on current information regarding the feasibility of human iPSC-derived cells for the evaluation of drug-induced toxicity with a focus on human iPSCderived hepatocyte (iPSC-Hep), cardiomyocyte (iPSC-CMs) and neurons (iPSC-Neurons). Further, we CSAHi, Consortium for Safety Assessment using Human iPS Cells, reported our gene expression profiling data with DNA microarray using commercially available human iPSC-derived cells (iPSC-Hep, iPSC-CMs, iPSC-Neurons), their relevant human tissues and primary cultured human cells to discuss the future direction of the three types of human iPSC-derived cells.

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