2020 - Membrane characteristics tune activities of endosomal and autophagic human VPS34 complexes
Vesicle Prep Pro publication in eLife (2020)
Ohashi Y., Tremel S., Masson G.R., McGinney L., Boulanger J., Rostislavleva K., Johnson C.M., Niewczas I., Clark J., Williams R.J.
eLife (2020) 9:e58281 doi: 10.7554/eLife.58281
The lipid kinase VPS34 orchestrates diverse processes, including autophagy, endocytic sorting, phagocytosis, anabolic responses and cell division. VPS34 forms various complexes that help adapt it to specific pathways, with complexes I and II being the most prominent ones. We found that physicochemical properties of membranes strongly modulate VPS34 activity. Greater unsaturation of both substrate and non-substrate lipids, negative charge and curvature activate VPS34 complexes, adapting them to their cellular compartments. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) of complexes I and II on membranes elucidated structural determinants that enable them to bind membranes. Among these are the Barkor/ATG14L autophagosome targeting sequence (BATS), which makes autophagy-specific complex I more active than the endocytic complex II, and the Beclin1 BARA domain. Interestingly, even though Beclin1 BARA is common to both complexes, its membrane-interacting loops are critical for complex II, but have only a minor role for complex I.